12 Sep 2019
12 Sep 2019
2019 is the year that ‘ESG’ investing – adding environmental, social, and governance analysis into investment portfolios – hit the mainstream. Whether it’s looking at working conditions or gender diversity, reporting transparency or climate impact, more investors than ever are asking companies tough questions and challenging the ethos of “returns at any cost”.
And companies are responding too. Nearly 200 CEOs of major US firms including Apple, Walmart and Amazon recently stated that shareholder value should no longer be the number one priority, and are refocusing more attention to how they serve their employees, customers and suppliers, as well as the environment and the wider community.1
Today we kick off a series of short articles focusing on the role of ESG in portfolio construction. In this first instalment, we will cover the drivers of this growing shift towards ESG investing.
1. Recent financial crises
The global financial crisis of 2007-08, as well as company controversies such as the Volkswagen emissions scandal or BP Deepwater Horizon spill, have demonstrated to investors the risk of focusing on the short term and neglecting shareholder stewardship. In a number of high-profile cases, these scandals have significantly hit share prices and caused ripples throughout financial markets – incentivising investors to screen companies based on ESG practices in future.
2. More climate change awareness
More and more investors acknowledge the scale and potential impact of climate change. The global move towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing renewable energies will affect investments in all kinds of industries – not just energy. Food production, water provision, forestry and tourism will all be changed by this transition, and investors increasingly understand that supporting low-carbon projects and encouraging sustainable business will be necessary for long-term returns. Many are choosing to be proactive in this area by using ESG screens to direct capital towards change leaders.
3. Regulatory pressure
Professional investors are additionally being pushed by regulators to integrate ESG risk analysis and disclosure into the fiduciary investment process. Most of the world’s largest asset managers are now signatories to the United Nations’ Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI), representing assets under management of $86Trn.2 That’s a huge increase since a decade ago.
Publicly available ESG information is becoming richer and more extensive, helping analysts assess the performance of companies according to ESG criteria.
For example, under the European Union’s Non-Financial Reporting Directive, from January 2017 all listed EU companies with more than 500 employees have had to disclose in their annual reports a variety of information relating to environmental, social and employee matters, respect for human rights, and corruption.
Specialised ESG databases run by governments, NGOs and academic institutions, as well as proprietary ESG scoring and ratings systems operated by extra-financial agencies, are also helping investors build a much more detailed picture of companies’ ESG performance.
Important recent political initiatives on sustainability are now part of many countries’ national legislation. These include the agreement reached at the 2015 Paris climate change conference, where 195 countries committed themselves to limit global warming to a maximum of 2 percent above pre-industrial levels.
All of this work is increasingly captured in indices, allowing investors to easily buy a basket of companies screened for ESG practices.
Although many ESG investors use active stock selection, a passive or index-based investment approach is equally well-suited for ESG. Sustainable indices can be used to express a variety of different investment approaches, including ESG integration, convictions on sustainability, or themes linked to the UN’s SDG framework.
Passive investment strategies have democratised access to the financial markets at a low cost, features that are entirely consistent with a focus on ESG goals. And both passive and ESG investment approaches are data-driven. The index company MSCI estimates that $180bn was allocated to its ESG indices between 2014 and Q2 2019.
Lyxor expects the role of financial indices in the area of sustainable investing to increase further. Benchmarks are now being used by policymakers as instruments to orient investor choices and to re-direct investment ﬂows. And rather than just serving as a way to measure ESG risks, a new generation of ESG benchmarks is being developed to have a measurable impact, such as helping to meet climate transition goals under the Paris COP21 framework.
We look at the question of flows: How much demand is there for active or passive ESG funds? What do ETF ﬂows tell us about ESG demand?
This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be taken as investment advice. Lyxor ETF does not in any way endorse or promote the companies mentioned in this article. Capital at risk. Please read our Risk Warning below.
1Source: Forbes, August 2019, Nearly 200 CEOs Say Shareholder Value Isn’t Everything.
2Source: UN PRI, as at end of June 2019.
This document is for the exclusive use of investors acting on their own account and categorised either as “Eligible Counterparties” or “Professional Clients” within the meaning of Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2014/65/EU. These products comply with the UCITS Directive (2009/65/EC). Société Générale and Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM) recommend that investors read carefully the “investment risks” section of the product’s documentation (prospectus and KIID). The prospectus and KIID are available free of charge on www.lyxoretf.com, and upon request to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Except for the United-Kingdom, where this communication is issued in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP, which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK under Registration Number 435658, this communication is issued by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French management company authorized by the Autorité des marchés financiers and placed under the regulations of the UCITS (2014/91/EU) and AIFM (2011/61/EU) Directives. Société Générale is a French credit institution (bank) authorised by the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (the French Prudential Control Authority).
The products mentioned are the object of market-making contracts, the purpose of which is to ensure the liquidity of the products on the London Stock Exchange, assuming normal market conditions and normally functioning computer systems. Units of a specific UCITS ETF managed by an asset manager and purchased on the secondary market cannot usually be sold directly back to the asset manager itself. Investors must buy and sell units on a secondary market with the assistance of an intermediary (e.g. a stockbroker) and may incur fees for doing so. In addition, investors may pay more than the current net asset value when buying units and may receive less than the current net asset value when selling them. Updated composition of the product’s investment portfolio is available on www.lyxoretf.com. In addition, the indicative net asset value is published on the Reuters and Bloomberg pages of the product, and might also be mentioned on the websites of the stock exchanges where the product is listed.
Prior to investing in the product, investors should seek independent financial, tax, accounting and legal advice. It is each investor’s responsibility to ascertain that it is authorised to subscribe, or invest into this product. This document is of a commercial nature and not of a regulatory nature. This material is of a commercial nature and not a regulatory nature. This document does not constitute an offer, or an invitation to make an offer, from Société Générale, Lyxor Asset Management (together with its affiliates, Lyxor AM) or any of their respective subsidiaries to purchase or sell the product referred to herein.
Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) or its employees may have or maintain business relationships with companies covered in its research reports. As a result, investors should be aware that LIAM and its employees may have a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of this report. Investors should consider this report as only a single factor in making their investment decision. Please see appendix at the end of this report for the analyst(s) certification(s), important disclosures and disclaimers. Alternatively, visit our global research disclosure website www.lyxoretf.com/compliance.
Conflicts of interest
This research contains the views, opinions and recommendations of Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists. To the extent that this research contains trade ideas based on macro views of economic market conditions or relative value, it may differ from the fundamental Cross Asset and ETF Research opinions and recommendations contained in Cross Asset and ETF Research sector or company research reports and from the views and opinions of other departments of LIAM and its affiliates. Lyxor Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists routinely consult with LIAM sales and portfolio management personnel regarding market information including, but not limited to, pricing, spread levels and trading activity of ETFs tracking equity, fixed income and commodity indices. Trading desks may trade, or have traded, as principal on the basis of the research analyst(s) views and reports. Lyxor has mandatory research policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to (i) ensure that purported facts in research reports are based on reliable information and (ii) to prevent improper selective or tiered dissemination of research reports. In addition, research analysts receive compensation based, in part, on the quality and accuracy of their analysis, client feedback, competitive factors and LIAM’s total revenues including revenues from management fees and investment advisory fees and distribution fees.